For example, rock layers show the sequence of geological events, and the presence and amount of radioactive elements in rocks make it possible to determine their ages. Analyses of rock formations and the fossil record are used to establish relative ages. In an undisturbed column of rock, the youngest rocks are at the top, and the oldest are at the bottom. Rock layers have sometimes been rearranged by tectonic forces; rearrangements can be seen or inferred, such as from inverted sequences of fossil types. The rock record reveals that events on Earth can be catastrophic, occurring over hours to years, or gradual, occurring over thousands to millions of years. Records of fossils and other rocks also show past periods of massive extinctions and extensive volcanic activity.
Edit Amar firing a photon torpedo at an unknown cloud In Klingon space, three Klingon K’t’inga-class battle cruisers are patrolling an area and encounter a huge cloud-like anomaly. On the bridge of IKS Amar , the Klingon captain orders his crew to fire torpedoes at it, but they have no effect. The captain immediately orders retreat. Meanwhile, in Federation space, a listening post, Epsilon IX , picks up a distress signal from one of the Klingon ships. As the three ships are attempting to escape the cloud, a “bolt” of plasma energy emerges and destroys each ship one by one.
On Epsilon IX, the crew tracks the course of the cloud.
SN is a supernova that was first observed on 4 July , and remained visible for around two event was recorded in contemporary Chinese astronomy, and references to it are also found in a later (13th-century) Japanese document, and in a document from the Arab rmore, there are a number of proposed, but doubtful, references from European sources recorded in the 15th.
There are between , and , Dogon in a remote civilization in the central plateau region of Mali in Africa. The Dogon culture is known for its detailed, meaningful art and tribal customs, but the Dogon are mostly known for their ancient, accurate cosmology and the legends of their ancestors from Sirius. The Importance of the Dogon hit the western world in when French anthropologists first heard legends from the Dogon priests.
The legends were passed down through many generations and documented through artwork. The Nommos were an aquatic race of humanoid creatures, similar to mermaids. This was amazing to hear because the god, Isis, of Babylon is depicted as a mermaid and associated with Sirius.
Star Trek: The Motion Picture
This page displays all the 50 pictures along with their descriptions. However, if your page is too slow to load, you might want to view only 10 pictures at a time by starting from this page. Apart from the visible light spectrum, instruments on NASA’s and ESA’s powerful telescopes can detect infrared rays, ultraviolet rays, X-rays, gamma rays, and other radiation emitted by stars, galaxies, nebulae, etc. The invisible spectrum of electromagnetic radiation can reveal features not seen in the visible light spectrum.
Since our eyes can only see the visible light spectrum, we have to use different colors to represent infrared, ultraviolet, X-ray and other radiation. This is how the so-called ‘false-color’ or ‘color-coded’ galaxy pictures are made.
The above picture shows a true-color view of the Andromeda Galaxy, as seen through a inch (60 cm) Burrell Schmidt telescope of the Warner and Swasey two small, spherical objects near the galaxy are M32 (NGC ) and M (NGC ). They are small satellite galaxies of the Andromeda Galaxy.
Eat one of those and your tummy will curl right up! Seriously speaking, a favorite attack on radiometric dating involves dangling “horror stories” about gross errors before the reader, thus giving the impression that radiometric dating is totally unreliable. Woodmorappe , with his collection of some bad radiometric dates, must surely be the master of that technique.
Upon being presented with claims that radiometric dating is totally erroneous, a question naturally arises: If radiometric geochronology is half as bad as Woodmorappe’s list suggests, then how in the world did geologists ever arrive at a tight consensus for the official dates? Look at the various radiometric tables in use over the last 20 years or so and you will find, at least for the fossil-bearing strata, a remarkably tight agreement.
Did the geochronologists throw darts to determine the accepted dates? Matson, , p. Dalrymple, an expert in radiometric dating with lots of hands-on experience, puts the percentage of bad dates at only percent. Thus, we clear away the first illusion spun by creationism, namely that most of the dates are bad, that the radiometric picture is totally chaotic.
In fact, it is not at all unusual for several different radiometric methods to agree within a few percentage points on a date. When you consider that each radiometric method is subject to different types of error, that the different “clocks” run at different speeds, such an agreement would be extremely rare on the basis of pure chance.
In a number of instances, more than you might imagine, dates are further corroborated by methods that have nothing to do with radioactivity.
The 50 Most Spectacular Galaxy Pictures of all Time
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Radioactive Dating Chapter index in this window — — Chapter index in separate window This material (including images) is copyrighted!.See my copyright notice for fair use practices.. There are several ways to figure out relative ages, that is, if one thing is older than another.
The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years. We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods.
We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous. This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points. Since there doesn’t seem to be any systematic error that could cause so many methods to agree with each other so often, it seems that there is no other rational conclusion than to accept these dates as accurate.
However, this causes a problem for those who believe based on the Bible that life has only existed on the earth for a few thousand years, since fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be over million years old by radiometric methods, and some fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be billions of years old. If these dates are correct, this calls the Biblical account of a recent creation of life into question.
After study and discussion of this question, I now believe that the claimed accuracy of radiometric dating methods is a result of a great misunderstanding of the data, and that the various methods hardly ever agree with each other, and often do not agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found. I believe that there is a great need for this information to be made known, so I am making this article available in the hopes that it will enlighten others who are considering these questions.
Dating Agency: Cyrano
The strange phenomenon was possible because light from the exploding star bent through a galaxy before reaching Earth. The intervening galaxy, which sits 2 billion light years from Earth, magnified the explosion’s brightness 50 times to give astronomers an unprecedented view of the Type 1a supernova, which the team have called ‘iPTF16geu’. Scroll down for video This image shows the gravitationally lensed type 1a supernova iPTF16geu as seen with different telescopes. Optical light observation of iPTF16geu and its surroundings.
Galaxies bend light through an effect called ‘gravitational lensing’ that helps astronomers peer deeper into the cosmos. One of the foundations of Einstein’s theory of general relativity is that mass curves the surrounding space-time.
Criação de Logotipos. Um logotipo bem concebido apresenta a qualquer empresa de qualquer tamanho, em qualquer lugar, uma imagem imediatamente reconhecível, diferenciada e profissional que a posiciona no caminho do sucesso.
In , Carl Otto Lampland was the first to announce that he had seen changes in the structure of the Crab Nebula. Their nature, size and distance were subject to debate. Observing changes in such objects allows astronomers to determine whether their spatial extension is “small” or “large”, in the sense that notable changes in an object as vast as our Milky Way cannot be seen over a small time period, such as a few years, whereas such changes are possible if the size of the object does not exceed a diameter of a few light-years.
Lampland’s comments were confirmed some weeks later by John Charles Duncan , an astronomer at the Mount Wilson Observatory. He benefited from photographic material obtained with equipment and emulsions that had not changed since ; as a result the comparison with older snapshots was easy and emphasized a general expansion of the cloud. The points were moving away from the centre, and did so faster as they got further from it.
Lundmark gives a list of 60 suspected novae, then the generic term for a stellar explosion, in fact covering what is now understood as two distinct phenomena, novae and supernovae. The nova of , already mentioned by the Biots in ,  is part of the list.
The Dogon Tribe Of Africa And Their Extraterrestrial History.
It was well known in alchemical and magical circles that if the silver cord gets cut, or stretched too far and breaks, it means the immediate death of the person that lost the connection. So one must ponder whether the soul half of the life unit travels along with the astronaut, or remains attached to the temporal core of the planet… stretching only so far, before it breaks, with life coming to an abrupt end.
Most life here has a group soul structure, which is a nonlocal connection analogous to a magnetic field where one, archetypal soul the magnet plays host to a large number of individual bodies iron filings in the field, with induced magnetism. Think of a school of fish or flock of birds—each has an independent body, but they think and move as one mind.
7. Dimension 3 DISCIPLINARY CORE IDEAS—EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES. E arth and space sciences (ESS) investigate processes that operate on Earth and also address its place in the solar system and the galaxy. Thus ESS involve phenomena that range in scale from the unimaginably large to the invisibly small.
As it happens, not very well. The number of Supernova Remnants SNRs observable in the Galaxy is consistent with the number expected to be formed in a Universe that is 7, years old. However, using Davies’ own methodology, the actual number of observable SNRs in our Galaxy from Green gives a value of 11, years, not 7, years.
The 11, is the lowest possible value for the age of the Universe as derived from his methodology. Yet a strict reading of the lineages in Genesis gives the date of creation as being BC, about 6, years ago as famously calculated by Archbishop Ussher of Armagh in the 17th century. His calculations are repeated here, using his values for convenience, any fractions are rounded to the nearest whole number – it makes very little difference to the results: This figure is the same for both an old universe and a young universe.
But if the second calculation is repeated with the actual number of observed SNRs in our Galaxy, , then according to his methodology, the result is SNRs in total, and if the rate of supernovae occurrence is one every 25 years, then 25 x is 11, years.
Supernovae, Supernova Remnants and Young Earth Creationism FAQ
See my copyright notice for fair use practices. There are several ways to figure out relative ages, that is, if one thing is older than another. For example, looking at a series of layers in the side of a cliff, the younger layers will be on top of the older layers.
The Dogon Tribe of Africa And Their Connection To The Stars. One the most amazing sources of evidence of our ancestors coming from the stars is the history of the Dogon Tribe of Africa.
When I think of a rebound I think of a ball bouncing off of a wall, which is a fairly tame thing. I call the first major relationship after leaving my husband the supernova — a collection of stars exploding all at once vaporizing everything in their path, burning bright, hot and fast. It was a force of nature — so much bigger than a rebound. I left my husband when I discovered he was a closeted homosexual. He had been lying to me and to himself for our entire nine-year relationship.
When I left him I was devastated, although the relationship had grown dysfunctional, I was still deeply in love and a dedicated wife. My marriage had been celibate for a prolonged period of time, and I desperately longed for a relationship with a straight man. I found it almost too easily and only four months after leaving my husband.
Edit The arthenn flourished across multiple worlds in the Zelene system some , years ago. Their homeworld appears to have been Helyme , a dead planet where all complex life was wiped out in an unknown cataclysm. The third planet in the system, Epho , was mined or otherwise settled before these settlements were wiped out by kinetic impacts. The system’s outer gas giant, Gaelon , was the location of a complex helium-3 mining infrastructure. Material debris suggests arthenni technology was equal to the current galactic state-of-the-art.
Featuring Roxi Red at Scoreland. It’s the domestic side of Roxi wifey side. Roxi sets the table for dinner but when you get home early, the plan changes. 50 photos of Solo action.
Fundamentalist Christians, which includes some Mormons, insist on literal historicity of all scripture,, including the early chapters of Genesis. This causes clashes with science on various issues, including creatio ex nihilo creation from nothing , evolution, and the age of the earth. I have no problem with people have personal beliefs regarding any of this.
For example, many Young Earth Creationists YEC demand we believe in a year old earth, with dinosaurs dying in the Great Flood or a deception placed in the soil by Satan. Most of the YEC are not consistent, however. Genesis 1 is based on a flat earth, domed above by an expanse of water, with the lights Sun, moon and stars planted into the revolving dome. Surrounding the land are the oceans. Below or underneath, one finds another expanse of water and Sheol.