Planetary Science

See my copyright notice for fair use practices. The Earth’s lithosphere is broken up into chunks called plates with densities around 3. Oceanic crust is only about 6 kilometers thick. The continental plates are made of another volcanic type of silicates called granite. Continental crust is much thicker than oceanic crust up to 35 kilometers thick. Continental plates are less dense than the oceanic plates. The mantle convection causes the crustal plates to slide next to or under each other, collide against each other, or separate from one another in a process called plate tectonics. Plate tectonics is the scientific theory that describes this process and how it explains the Earth’s surface geology. The Earth is the only planet among the terrestrial planets that has this tectonic activity.

Composition of seawater

History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.

You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular. Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.

Dating of these cores suggests that the cold stage ended about 10, yr ago. A comparison of the shapes of these dated profiles with the result for the F core shown in Fig. 3 suggest that the ice at m was precipitated about 10, yr ago, while that at m was precipitated 12,, y r ://

Anoxia will hit the crew when the atmospheric pressure drops to what pressure? From Living In Space by G. Artwork by Rick Sternbach. Low pressure is attractive; since it uses less mass and the atmosphere will escape more slowly through a meteor hole. Unfortunately the required higher oxygen level make living in such an environment as hazardous as chain-smoking inside a napalm factory.

NASA found that out the hard way in the Apollo 1 tragedy. Since then NASA always uses high pressure, they use low pressure in space suits only because they cannot avoid it. This does raise a new problem. There is a chance that the high-oxygen atmosphere will allow a meteor to ignite a fire inside the suit. There isn’t a lot of research on this, but NASA seems to think that the main hazard is a fire enlarging the diameter of the breach, not an astronaut-shaped ball of flame.

There are other problems as well, the impossibility of air-cooling electronic components and the risk of long-term health problems being two. Setting up the optimal breathable atmosphere is complicated. A more annoying than serious problem with low pressure atmospheres is the fact that they preclude hot beverages and soups. It is impossible to heat water to a temperature higher than the local boiling point.

How To Love your Swimming Pool & Hot Tub Again!

Copper at 80 cents a pound. Can we crack the code to build the world of the future? Far from prying eyes, the ground erupts; heavy equipment moving millions of tons of earth in search of something:

 · Free oxygen is oxygen that isn’t combined with other elements such as carbon or nitrogen, and aerobic organisms need it to live. A change occurred about three billion years ago, when small regions containing free oxygen began to appear in the  › Home ›  › September ›

This in turn gave rise to speculation that Mars was very much like Earth , capable of supporting life and home to a native civilization. But as human satellites and rovers began to conduct flybys and surveys of the planet, this vision of Mars quickly dissolved, replaced by one in which the Red Planet was a cold, desiccated and lifeless world. However, over the past few decades, scientists have come to learn a great deal about the history of Mars that has altered this view as well.

Between the two planets, there are similarities in size, inclination, structure, composition, and even the presence of water on their surfaces. That being said, they also have a lot of key differences that would make living on Mars, a growing preoccupation among many humans looking at you, Elon Musk and Bas Lansdorp! Sizes, Masses and Orbits: In terms of their size and mass, Earth and Mars are quite different.

Life Support

Over 20 years on the market and still going!! Products come and go. Try the product that has lasted the test of time. For more information on this product look up the powerful ingredients listed and what they support.

The chemical equation below shows the burning of magnesium (Mg) with oxygen (O2) to form magnesium oxide (MgO). 2Mg + O2 mcjpg 2MgO Niven wants to calculate the mass of MgO that is produced by the burning of g of ://

Occasional Constipation The human intestinal tract is 25 to 30 feet in length and covers a surface area the size of a tennis court. By the age of 40, the average person may have pounds of hard, compacted fecal matter lodged in their intestinal tract. Oxy-Powder is formulated to support proper digestion and cleansing of impacted fecal matter from the bowels and intestinal tract. Oxy-Powder is safe, gentle, made from the finest ingredients.

Thousands of satisfied customers have given Oxy-Powder fantastic reviews. Try Oxy-Powder risk-free for yourself and feel clean again. You have nothing to lose except toxins, guaranteed! Shocking Statistics About Constipation and Colon Health Constipation is defined as having fewer than three bowel movements per week. Medications, IBS, laxative abuse, disease, poor diet and lack of exercise are common causes of constipation.

Industrial gas

And it just turns out white men have a leverage in this game. For virtually all races, non-white women are the most receptive to white men usually followed or prefaced by men of their own race. We all know that.

Reaction of barium with air. Barium is a silvery white metal. The surface of barium metal is covered with a thin layer of oxide that helps protect the metal from attack by air, but to a lesser extent than the corresponding layer in

Before the scientific era, people often made up imaginative stories to explain what they saw in the world. The scientific method changed that by requiring rigorous experimentation to test hypotheses and determine what is real. With the Theory of Evolution, people are back to making up imaginative stories. The primary advantage of complete metamorphosis is eliminating competition between the young and old.

Larval insects and adult insects occupy very different ecological niches. Whereas caterpillars are busy gorging themselves on leaves, completely disinterested in reproduction, butterflies are flitting from flower to flower in search of nectar and mates. Because larvas and adults do not compete with one another for space or resources, more of each can coexist relative to species in which the young and old live in the same places and eat the same things. Ultimately, the impetus for many of life’s astounding transformations also explains insect metamorphosis: Nevertheless, “biologists have established a plausible narrative about the origin of insect metamorphosis, which they continue to revise as new information surfaces.

In response to this unfavorable situation, some pro-nymphs gained a new talent: If such pro-nymphs emerged from their eggs before they reached the nymphal stage, they would have been able to continue feeding themselves in the outside world. Over the generations, these infant insects may have remained in a protracted pro-nymphal stage for longer and longer periods of time, growing wormier all the while and specializing in diets that differed from those of their adult selves–consuming fruits and leaves, rather than nectar or other smaller insects.

Eventually these prepubescent pro-nymphs became full-fledged larvae that resembled modern caterpillars. The underside of the wing has a brown pigment, which helps hide the resting blue morpho.

Difficult Word Search Puzzles

Only hydrogen , helium , oxygen , neon , and nitrogen are atomically more abundant in the cosmos than carbon. In the crust of Earth, elemental carbon is a minor component. However, carbon compounds i.

**OMg** All I knew, till last week Oxygen was dating Potassium But they said it was just **OK**

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated fats – in particular omega-3 fatty acids – have a vital role in maintaining proper neuronal structure and function, as well as in modulating critical aspects of the inflammatory pathway in the body. Taking omega-3 supplements appears beneficial for addressing symptoms of depression, bipolar depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.

And it may potentially help prevent psychosis. Omega-3 fats can be found in nuts, seeds and oysters, although the highest amounts exist in oily fish such as sardines, salmon, anchovies and mackerel. Due to higher levels of mercury, larger fish, such as mackerel, should be consumed in moderation. Salmon is one of the best sources of Omega-3, which can help ease symptoms of depression, bipolar depression and post-traumatic stress disorder 2.

B vitamins and folate We need B vitamins for a range of cellular and metabolic processes, and they have a critical role in the production of a range of brain chemicals.

Magnesium batteries: Current state of the art, issues and future perspectives

Share this article Share Cleansing removes any remaining debris, while applying an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory moisturiser nourishes and calms the skin. But there must be at least 10, skincare brands worldwide, each making heroic claims about dramatic results yet creating only confusion. So, let me explain what you really need to do and which products to use to effectively reduce the most common scars ACNE At some point in their lives, about 99 per cent of the world’s population has acne, whether it’s red, scaly spots, pustules, or painful lesions caused by excess oil production.

To tackle this, you must commit to the exfoliate, cleanse, moisturise regime every evening for three to six months. Exfoliate each night – or every other if your skin is sensitive – to stimulate cell renewal.

 · CHEMISTRY PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q1. Radium dating (b) Uranium dating (c) Carbon dating (d) Deuterium dating Q3. Cement is made hard with (a) dehydration (b) hydration and dissociation of water (c) Dissociation of water Oxygen (c) Magnesium (d) Iron Q Formation of ozone hole is maximum over (a) Africa (b) [www.q.

One kg of fresh water contains Surprisingly the world under water is very much different from that above in the availability of the most important gases for life: Whereas in air about one in five molecules is oxygen, in sea water this is only about 4 in every thousand million water molecules. Whereas air contains about one carbondioxide molecule in air molecules, in sea water this ratio becomes 4 in every million water molecules, which makes carbondioxide much more common available in sea water than oxygen.

Note that even though their concentrations in solution differ due to differences in solubility ability to dissolve , their partial pressures remain as in air, according to Henry’s law, except where life changes this. Plants increase oxygen content while decreasing carbondioxide and animals do the reverse. Bacteria are even capable of using up all oxygen.

Reaction of Magnesium and Oxygen